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The Differences Between Luxembourgish and German: What You Need to Know

Learn Luxembourgish
When it comes to European languages, German is widely spoken and is known for its complexity. However, the language spoken in Luxembourg, a small landlocked country in Western Europe, is often overlooked. Luxembourgish is the national language of Luxembourg, and it is often compared to German. In this article, we will discuss the main differences between Luxembourgish and German.

Introduction to Luxembourgish

Luxembourgish is a Germanic language and is spoken by approximately 400,000 people. It is the national language of Luxembourg and is also spoken in the surrounding areas of Germany, France, and Belgium. Luxembourgish has evolved from a combination of various German dialects and has been heavily influenced by French and Flemish languages.

Introduction to German

German is a West Germanic language and is the official language of Germany, Austria, and Liechtenstein. It is also spoken in parts of Switzerland, Belgium, and Italy. With more than 100 million speakers worldwide, it is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world.

Vocabulary Differences

One of the main differences between Luxembourgish and German is their vocabulary. While they share many similarities, there are also many differences in terms of pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary. Luxembourgish has borrowed many words from French and has also developed its own unique vocabulary.

Grammar Differences

Another significant difference between Luxembourgish and German is their grammar. Luxembourgish has its own unique grammar and sentence structure, which differs from German. Luxembourgish has a tendency to use more reflexive verbs and has a less strict word order in comparison to German. It also has more complicated plural forms and gendered nouns, which are not as common in German.

Pronunciation Differences

While Luxembourgish and German share some similarities in terms of pronunciation, there are also significant differences between the two languages. Luxembourgish has a softer and more melodic tone, while German is known for its harsher, more guttural sound. In addition, Luxembourgish uses a variety of French sounds that are not found in German, such as the nasal vowels.

Spelling Differences

Luxembourgish has its own unique alphabet, which has a few letters that are not found in German. It also uses a few different letters for sounds that are similar to German. For example, the "ö" in German is represented by "éi" in Luxembourgish.

Similarities between Luxembourgish and German

Despite their many differences, Luxembourgish and German also share many similarities. Both languages are part of the Germanic language family and share a lot of vocabulary and grammar. In fact, Luxembourgish is often referred to as a dialect of German.


1. Is Luxembourgish a difficult language to learn?

Luxembourgish can be challenging to learn, especially for non-native speakers. However, it is not as difficult as some other languages, such as Chinese or Arabic.

2. Can Luxembourgish speakers understand German?

Luxembourgish speakers can usually understand German, as there are many similarities between the two languages. However, German speakers may have a harder time understanding Luxembourgish due to its unique vocabulary and grammar.

3. How similar is Luxembourgish to French?

Luxembourgish has borrowed many words from French and has been heavily influenced by the French language. However, it is still considered a Germanic language and shares many similarities with German.


In conclusion, Luxembourgish and German are two closely related languages with many similarities and differences. Luxembourgish has its own unique grammar, vocabulary, and sentence structure, which sets it apart from German. However, despite their differences, both languages are part of the same Germanic language family, and they share many similarities in terms of vocabulary and grammar.
As a non-native speaker, it may be challenging to learn Luxembourgish. However, the efforts being made to preserve and promote the language ensure that it will continue to be spoken in the future. Additionally, the ability to speak German can be helpful in Luxembourg, as it is widely spoken in the country.
In summary, understanding the differences between Luxembourgish and German can help you to appreciate the unique aspects of each language and gain a deeper understanding of the linguistic landscape of Europe.